This is a list of known causes of deafness in humans, in many cases with brief descriptions of common symptoms.
Note that the names of most syndromes and diseases named after a person may appear with or without possessive form (e.g., Usher's Syndrome or Usher Syndrome). For consistency, this paper uses the non-possessive form, but when researching these in other sources, it may be necessary to also search the possessive form to find all the references.
At the end of many entries, abbreviations may be found for references to fuller information in these books:
- Dictionary of syndromes and inherited disorders (DSID),
- Encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders, first edition 1992 (EDHD),
- Encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders, second edition 2000 (EDHD2),
- The encyclopedia of genetic disorders and birth defects, second edition 2000 (EGDBD), and
- Gallaudet encyclopedia of deaf people and deafness (GEDPD).
This list is probably not complete, and is provided for information only. It must not be used as a substitute for diagnosis by competent medical personnel. Always consult a physician for diagnosis, medical advice, and medical treatment. Consult certified audiologists for hearing evaluations and recommendations on hearing aids or other hearing devices, and for training in coping with deafness.
For more information on researching medical approaches to deafness, you may wish to also browse our guide to the Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences.