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FAQ: Deaf people in history   Tags: deaf, faq  

This guide covers Laurent Clerc's writings, Helen Keller's quotations, slavery, the Nobel Prize, the Gallaudet Family, the Holocaust, and the Civil War.
Last Updated: Sep 19, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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Many countries have little or no information available on their deaf people, deaf culture, or sign languages. Following is a list of sources for the items in the index as well as other methods of finding information about deaf people in other countries. After that list is an index to known sources of deaf information for some countries.


  • DCWP: Olson, Jack. Deaf Communities, A Worldwide Perspective. Hillsboro, OR: Butte Publications, 1995. (DEAF 371.3014 O47d 1995)
  • DW: The deaf way: perspectives from the International Conference on Deaf Culture. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 1994. (DEAF 305.773 D42 1994)
  • EDHD: Turkington, Carol, and Sussman, Allen E., eds. The encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders [first edition]. New York: Facts on File, 1992.
  • EDHD2: Turkington, Carol, and Sussman, Allen E., eds. The encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders, second edition. New York: Facts on File, 2000. (In Ready Reference at the Reference Desk.)
  • GE: Gallaudet encyclopedia of deaf people and deafness. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1987. (On reserve at the Circulation Desk.)
  • GPEDSC: Global perspectives on the education of the deaf in selected countries. Hillsboro, Ore.: Butte Publications, 1999. (DEAF 370.9 G45 1999)
  • MWBD: Monaghan, Leila, et al. Many ways to be deaf: international variation in deaf communities. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 2003. (DEAF 305.773 M36 2003)
  • Also do searches in the Keyword part of the online WRLC book catalog, deaf and "country name" (for example, deaf and "south africa" )
  • The Deaf Subject File in the Gallaudet University Archives may also have some information, although if a country does not appear in books or in the following list, there is probably little or no solid information in the Deaf Subject File too.
  • The Gallaudet University Index to Deaf Periodicals ( can also help you find articles in selected deaf magazines about the deaf in various countries. Use a Keyword...Subject search and enter the name of the country you want.


Africa (French-speaking)also see Burundi

  • Titus, Marius Rock. "Better education for deaf people in French-speaking Africa", in DW, p.800-803.

Africa (Sub-Saharan)

  • Devlieger, Patrick. "Culture-based concepts and social life of disabled persons in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of the deaf", in DW, p.85-93.


  • Berke, Jaime. "Argentina's deaf community", .


  • Aquiline, Carol-Lee. "Theater of the deaf in Australia", in DW, p.746-750.
  • "Australia", in EDHD.
  • "Australia", in EDHD2, p.28.
  • "Australian Sign Language", in EDHD2, p.28-29.
  • Berke, Jaime. "Australia's deaf community",
  • Flynn, J.W. "Sign languages--Australian", in GE, vol.3, p.56-58.
  • Kendon, Adam. "Sign languages--Australian Aboriginal", in GE, vol.3, p.58-59.
  • O'Reilly, Carol. "The development of Australia's deaf community in the Twentieth Century", in DW, p.155-157.
  • Power, D.J. "Australia", in GE, vol.1, p.126-130.
  • Rumsey, Catherine. "Australia", in GPEDSC, p.1-30.

Austriasee also German-speaking countries

  • Dimmel, Trude. "The social situation of the deaf as seen by a deaf woman", in DW, p.131-134.
  • Dotter, Franz, and Okorn, Ingeborg. "Austria's hidden conflict: hearing culture versus Deaf culture", in MWBD, p.49-66.


  • Dhalee, Stephen P. "Discrimination against deaf people in Bangladesh", in DW, p.788-790.


  • "Belgian sign language", in EDHD2, p.33.
  • "Belgium", in EDHD.
  • "Belgium", in EDHD2 p.33.
  • Loncke, Filip. "Sign languages--Belgian", in GE, vol.3, p.59-60.
  • van den Heuvel, Adolf. "The origin, development, and working activities of Madosa V.Z.W.", in DW, p.528-531.


  • Berenz, Norene. "Surdos venceremos: the rise of the Brazilian deaf community", in MWBD, p.173-193.
  • Berke, Jaime. "Brazil's deaf community",
  • "Brazil", in EDHD.
  • "Brazil", in EDHD2 p.38.
  • "Brazilian Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.38.
  • Campos de Abreu, Antonio. "The deaf social life in Brazil", in DW, p.114-116.
  • Hoemann, Harry W. "Sign languages--Brazilian", in GE, vol.3, p.60-61.
  • Hutzler, Celina Ribeiro. "Are deaf children 'allowed' signing?", in DW, p.811-816.
  • Regina e Souza Campbell, Ana. "The origin of the deaf community in Brazil", in DW, p.117-118.
  • Spinelli, Mauro. "Brazil", in GE, vol.1, p.152-154.


  • Naniwe, Assumpta. "The deaf child in Burundi society", in DW, p.575-580.
  • Sururu, Adolphe. "Transmitting cultural values within the Burundi deaf community", in DW, p.94-96.


  • Bibby, Mary Ann. "Canadian education of deaf and hard of hearing students in the 1990s", in GPEDSC, p.31-46.
  • "Canada", in EDHD.
  • "Canada", in EDHD2 p.41.
  • "Canada", in GE, vol.1, p.164-177.
  • "Canadian Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.41-42.
  • Petitto, Laura. "Sign languages--Canadian", in GE, vol.3, p.63-65.

Canada (Quebec)

  • Caissy, Mireille. "Postsecondary education for the deaf in Quebec", in DW, p.151.
  • DaVia, Jean. "Deaf community life", in DW, p.152-154.
  • Hebert, Helene. "Quebec education of the deaf", in DW, p.149-151.
  • LeBlanc, Arthur. "The deaf way of life in Quebec", in DW, p.148-149.
  • Petitto, Laura. "Sign languages--Canadian", in GE, vol.3, p.63-65.

China (People's Republic)also see Hong KongTaiwan

  • "China", in EDHD.
  • "China, People's Republic of" in EDHD2 p.47.
  • "Chinese Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.47.
  • Piao, Yong-sin. "China, People's Republic of", in GE, vol.1, p.181-184.
  • Shun-chiu, Yau. "Sign languages--Chinese", in GE, vol.3, p.65-67.

China (Republic of)see Taiwan

Colombia: Providence Island

  • Woodward, James. "Sign languages--Providence Island", in GE, vol.3, p.103-104.

Czech Republicsee also Czechoslovakia

  • Olson, Jack. "Prague, the Czech Republic", in DCWP, p.26-37.
  • Smutná, Milada. "Historical development of the education of deaf people with hearing disabilities in the Czech Republic and Slovakia", in GPEDSC, p.47-57.

Czechoslovakiasee also Czech Republic and Slovakia

  • Paur, Jaroslav. "The deaf community in Czechoslovakia", in DW, p.135-136.


  • Batory, Ildi. "Effectiveness of psychodrama and sociodrama among young deaf and hard of hearing secondary school students at Nyborgskolen, Denmark", in DW, p.638-641.
  • Bergmann, Asger. "Teaching sign language communication and interpretation", in DW, p.437-440.
  • "Danish Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.61.
  • Hansen, Britta. "Sign languages--Danish", in GE, vol.3, p.67-69.
  • Hansen, Britta. "Trends in the progress toward bilingual education for deaf children in Denmark", in DW, p.605-614.
  • Lieth, Lars von der. "Denmark", in GE, vol.1, p.299-301.
  • Vestberg, Palle. "Education of the deaf in Denmark", in GPEDSC, p.59-68.
  • Widell, Jonna. "Historical phases of deaf culture in Denmark", in DW, p.212-219.

Dominican Republic

  • Gerner de Garcia, Barbara. "The developing deaf community in the Dominican Republic", in DW, p.110-113.


  • Benalcazar, Orlando. "Principals, changes, and current guidelines in the education of the deaf", in DW, p.127-128.
  • Garcia, Nelson. "The art and culture of the deaf", in DW, p.128-130.
  • Montero, Luisa. "Ecuador", in GE, vol.1, p.347-349.
  • Santillan, Miguel. "History of the deaf in Ecuador and the moment of awareness", in DW, p.119-123.
  • Santillan, Miguel, and Toro, Alfredo. "The Mano a Mano Project", in DW, p.817-825.
  • Velasquez Garcia, Carmen. "The birth of Ecuadorian sign language", in DW, p.123-126.


  • El Bakary, Waguida. "The education of the hearing impaired in Egypt", in GPEDSC, p.69-79.

El Salvador

  • King, Jess Freeman. "Education of the deaf in El Salvador", in GPEDSC, p.81-86.

Englandsee Great Britain


  • Paavel, Valdeko. "The deaf community in Soviet Estonia", in DW, p.137-141.
  • Toom, Regina. "Estonian Sign Language yesterday, today, tomorrow", in DW, p.379-381.


  • "Finnish Sign Language", in EDHD2, p.83.
  • Rissanen, Terhi. "Sign languages--Finnish", in GE, vol.3, p.71-74.


  • Abbou, Marie-Therese. "Presenting the television program, 'It's my hands' turn to speak'", in DW, p.369-372.
  • Abbou, Victor. "Sign language interpreting in France", in DW, p.451-453.
  • Bouchauveau, Josette. "Educational methods for teaching sign language", in DW, p.441-445.
  • Busquet, Denise. "Education of the deaf in France", in GPEDSC, p.87-112.
  • "France", in EDHD.
  • "France", in EDHD2 p.84.
  • "French Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.84-85.
  • Karacostas, Alexis. "The deaf population during the French Revolution", in DW, p.162-166.
  • Moody, William. "Sign languages--French", in GE, vol.3, p.74-77.
  • Mottez, Bernard. "France", in GE, vol.1, p.431-434.
  • Quartararo, Anne T. "The revolutionary ideal and the deaf community in France", in DW, p.167-171.
  • Truffaut, Bernard. "The French deaf movement after the Milan Congress", in DW, p.172-175.
  • Verlet, Giles. "SERAC's efforts to provide interpreters in France", in DW, p.446-448.
  • Vourc'h, Agnes. "Linguistics applied to the training of interpreters", in DW, p.448-450.

German-speaking countriesalso see AustriaGermanySwitzerland

  • List, Guenther. "The oralistic tradition and written history: deaf people in German-speaking countries", in DW, p.220-225.


  • Ebbinghaus, Horst, and Hessman, Jens. "German words in German Sign Language: do they tell us something new about sign languages?", in DW, p. 399-409.
  • "German Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.93.
  • Leven, Regina, and Mugdan, Joachim. "Sign languages--German", in GE, vol.3, p.77-78.
  • List, Gudula. "Sign language research in Germany", in DW, p.388-393.
  • List, Gunther; Wloka, Manfred; and List, Gudula. "Education of the deaf in Germany", in GPEDSC, p.113-139.
  • Olson, Jack. "Koln, Germany", in DCWP, p.40-50.
  • Schulte, Klaus. "Germany, Federal Republic of", in GE, vol.1, p.458-462.
  • Zienert, Heiko. "The Center for German Sign Language in Hamburg: deaf people doing research on their language with videos and computers", in DW, p.394-398.


  • Frishberg, Nancy. "Sign languages--Ghanian", in GE, vol.3, p.78-79.
  • Okyere, Alexander Daniel, and Addo, Mary Jocelyn. "Deaf culture in Ghana", in DW, p.97-101.
  • Okyere, Alexander D., and Addo, Mary J. "Historical development of education of the deaf in Ghana", in GPEDSC, p.141-155.

Great Britainalso see Northern Ireland under Ireland

  • Braybook, David M. "England, education in", in GE, vol.1, p.406-416.
  • "British Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.39-40.
  • Collins, Joseph. "Deaf people's civil rights to information", in DW, p.826-828.
  • Denmark, Clark. "Training deaf people as British Sign Language tutors", in DW, p.425-431.
  • Elton, Frances. "Teaching across modalities: BSL for hearing people", in DW, p.432-436.
  • Kyle, J.G. "Sign languages--British", in GE, vol.3, p.61-63.
  • Olson, Jack. "Edinburgh, Scotland", in DCWP, p.1-10.
  • "Scotland", in EDHD.
  • "Scotland", in EDHD2 p.184.
  • "United Kingdom", in EDHD.
  • "United Kingdom", in EDHD2 p.211-212.
  • Woll, Bencie; Allsop, Lorna; and Spence, Rachel. "Sign language varieties in British television: an historical perspective", in DW, p.373-378.


  • "Greece", in EDHD.
  • "Greece", in EDHD2 p.94-95.
  • Lampropoulou, Venetta. "The education of deaf children in Greece", in GPEDSC, p.157-174.
  • Lampropoulou, Venetta. "The history of deaf education in Greece", in DW, p.239-249.
  • Lampropoulou, Venetta. "The vocational distribution of deaf people in Greece", in DW, p.791-793.
  • Liambey, A. "Greece", in GE, vol.1, p.480-481.

Hollandsee Netherlands

Hong Kongalso see China (People's Republic)

  • Kwan, Eva W. "Hong Kong", in GE, vol.2, p.73-75.


  • Csanyi, Yvonne. "Education of the deaf in Hungary", in GPEDSC, p.175-180.


  • Adenwalla, Dhun D. "Education of the deaf in India", in GPEDSC, p.181-189.
  • Adenwalla, Dhun D. "India", in GE, vol.2, p.81-83.
  • "India", in EDHD.
  • "India", in EDHD2 p.110.
  • "Indian Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.110.
  • Vasishta, Madan, and Sethna, Meher. "Clubs for deaf people in India", in DW, p.532-535.
  • Vasishta, Madan; Woodward, James; and De Santis, Susan. "Sign languages--Indian", in GE, vol.3, p.79-81.



  • Berke, Jaime. "When (deaf) Irish eyes are smiling...",
  • "Irish Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.114.
  • LeMaster, Barbara. "School language and shifts in Irish Deaf identity", in MWBD, p.153-172.
  • LeMaster, Barbara, and Foran, Stanislaus. "Sign languages--Irish", in GE, vol.3, p.82-84.
  • McClellan, J.G. "Ireland, Northern", in GE, vol.2, p.98-100.
  • Nicholas, Sr. M., "Ireland, Republic of", in GE, vol.2, p.100-102.
  • O'Leary, Josephine. "Where the deaf in Ireland stand today", in DW, p.142-146.


  • "Israel", in EDHD.
  • "Israel", in EDHD2 p.114-115.
  • "Israeli Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.115.
  • Reichstein, Jerry. "Israel", in GE, vol.2, p.102-105.
  • Schlesinger, I.M. "Sign languages--Israeli", in GE, vol.3, p.84-85.
  • Zweibel, A. "Education of the deaf in Israel: Past, present, and future", in GPEDSC, p.191-204.


  • Corazza, Serena. "The history of sign language in Italian education of the deaf", in DW, p.186-193.
  • Folchi, Anna. "Sign language and deaf culture in Italy", in DW, p.410-415.
  • "Italian Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.115.
  • "Italy", in EDHD.
  • "Italy", in EDHD2 p.115.
  • Pinna, Paola, et al. "Written and unwritten history of a residential school for the deaf in Rome, Italy", in DW, p.194-202.
  • Pizzuto, Elena. "Italy", in GE, vol.2, p.105-108.
  • Pizzuto, Elena. "Sign languages--Italian", in GE, vol.3, p.85-89.
  • Romeo, Orazio, and Renery, Lisa J. "The role of 'silent sports' in Italian deaf culture", in DW, p.538-541.


  • Olson, Jack. "Jamaica", in DCWP, p.12-24.


  • Arakawa, Isamu. "Japan", in GE, vol.2, p.109-112.
  • "Japan", in EDHD.
  • "Japan", in EDHD2 p.117.
  • "Japanese Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.117.
  • Kanda, Kazuyuki. "Sign languages--Japanese", in GE, vol.3, p.89-92.
  • Nakamura, Karen. "U-turns, deaf shock, and the hard of hearing: Japanese deaf identities at the borderlands", in MWBD, p.211-229.
  • Tsuchiya, Michiko. "The deaf Japanese and their self-identity", in DW, p.65-68.
  • Tsuchiya, Michiko. "Education of the deaf in Japan: Its development and current issues", in GPEDSC, p.205-218.


  • Abilla, Catherine M. "Kenya", in GE, vol.2, p.127-129.
  • Olson, Jack. "Bondo, Kenya", in DCWP, p.64-73.


  • Roumanos, Antoine. "Special education for the deaf in Lebanon", in GPEDSC, p.219-241.


  • Guan, Tan Chin. "Sign languages--Malaysian", in GE, vol.3, p.93-94.


  • Berruecos Tellez, Pedro. "Mexico", in GE, vol.2, p.210-211.
  • "Mexican Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.137.
  • "Mexico", in EDHD.
  • "Mexico", in EDHD2 p.137.
  • Parra, Alison, and Parra, Carlos. "Sign languages--Mexican", in GE, vol.3, p.94-95.

Mexico (Yucatan Maya)

  • Johnson, Robert E. "Sign language and the concept of deafness in a traditional Yucatec Mayan village", in DW, p.102-109.


  • Ashipala, Sackeus P., et al. "The development of a dictionary of Namibian Sign Language", in DW, p.342-346.


  • Joshi, Raghav Bir. "Nepal: a paradise for the deaf?", in DW, p.69-74.
  • Maskey, Lion Sita Ram, and Sadan, Jaljala Shishu. "The lives of the deaf in Nepal", in GPEDSC, p.243-247.


  • "Dutch Sign Language", in EDHD2, p.67.
  • "Netherlands", in EDHD.
  • "Netherlands", in EDHD2 p.149-150.
  • Knoors, Harry. "The education of deaf children in the Netherlands", in GPEDSC, p.249-260.
  • Tervoort, Bernard T. "Netherlands", in GE, vol.2, p.237-239.
  • Tervoort, Bernard T. "Sign languages--Dutch", in GE, vol.3, p.70-71.

New Zealand

  • Collins-Ahlgren, Marianne. "Issues in preparing and presenting a dictionary of New Zealand signs", in DW, p.335-341.
  • "New Zealand", in EDHD2 p.150-151.
  • Parsons, Michael B. "New Zealand", in GE, vol.2, p.239-240.


  • Senghas, Richard J. "New ways to be deaf in Nicaragua: changes in language, personhood, and community", in MWBD, p.260-282.


  • Mba, P.O. "Nigeria", in GE, vol.2, p.242-244.
  • "Nigeria", in EDHD.
  • "Nigeria", in EDHD2 p.151.
  • Ojile, Emmanuel. "Education of the deaf in Nigeria: An historical perspective", in DW, p.268-274.
  • Ojile, Emmanuel. "Education of the deaf in Nigera: Past, present, and future", in GPEDSC, p.261-272.
  • Schmaling, Constanze. "A for apple: the impact of Western education and ASL on the deaf community in Kano state, northern Nigeria", in MWBD, p.302-310.


  • Arnesen, Knut. "Education of the deaf in Norway", in GPEDSC, p.273-283.
  • "Norwegian Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.154-155.
  • Olson, Jack. "Trondheim, Norway", in DCWP, p.76-86.
  • Vogt-Svendsen, Marit. "Sign languages--Norwegian", in GE, vol.3, p.95-96.


  • Shamshudin, Anwar. "Deaf culture in Pakistan", in DW, p.75-77.



  • Esguerra, Sergia G. "Philippines", in GE, vol.2, p.286-288.
  • Olson, Jack. "Bohol, the Philippines", in DCWP, p.52-62.
  • "Philippines", in EDHD.
  • Shaneyfelt, S. Wayne. "Sign languages--Philippine", in GE, vol.3, p.97-98.


  • Eckert, Urszula. "Instruction of persons with hearing defects in Poland", in GPEDSC, p.285-306.
  • Sila-Nowicki, Stanislaw. "Sign languages--Poland", in GE, vol.3, p.100-102.


  • Prata, Maria Isabel. "Sign languages--Portuguese", in GE, vol.3, p.102-103.

Providence Islandsee Colombia: Providence Island

Puerto Rico

  • Albarrán, Miguel A. "History of deaf education in Puerto Rico", in GPEDSC, p.307-321.
  • Frishberg, Nancy. "Sign languages--Puerto Rican", in GE, vol.3, p.104-105.
  • "Puerto Rican Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.174.
  • Rodriguez Fratricelli, Yolanda. "Events in the history of deaf education in Puerto Rico", in DW, p.208-211.

Quebecsee Canada (Quebec)


  • Pursglove, Michael, and Komarova, Anna. "The changing world of the Russian deaf community", in MWBD, p.249-259.

Saudi Arabia

  • Abdulla al-Muslat, Zaid. "The extent and kind of educational services for the deaf in Saudi Arabia", in GPEDSC, p.323-342.
  • Abdulla al-Muslat, Zaid. "The history of deaf education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", in DW, p. 275-282.

Scotlandsee Great Britain

Slovakiasee also Czech Republic and Czechoslovakia

  • Smutná, Milada. "Historical development of the education of deaf people with hearing disabilities in the Czech Republic and Solvakia", in GPEDSC, p.47-57.

Solomon Island (Rennell Island)

  • Kuschel, Rolf. "Sign language--Rennellese", in GE, vol.3, p.105-106.

South Africa

  • Aarons, Debra, and Reynolds, Louise. "South African Sign Language: changing policies and practice", in MWBD, p.194-210.
  • Herbst, J.M. "South Africa, Republic of", in GE, vol.3, p.184-187.
  • Herbst, Johan M. "Sign languages--South African", in GE, vol.3, p.106-108.
  • Simmons, Robert M.T. "The role of educational systems and deaf culture in the development of sign language in South Africa", in DW, p.78-84.


  • Pinedo Peydro, Felix-Jesus. "Sign languages--Spanish", in GE, vol.3, p.108-109.
  • Pinedo Peydro, Felix-Jesus. "Spain", in GE, vol.3, p.187-190.
  • Plann, Susan. "Three Nineteenth-Century Spanish teachers of the deaf", in DW, p.203-207.
  • Segovia, Miren. "The Deaf Union of Guipuzcoa", in DW, p.535-537.
  • "Spain", in EDHD.
  • "Spain", in EDHD2 p.194.
  • "Spanish Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.194.
  • Valmaseda Balanzategui, Marian, and Diaz-Estebanez Leon, Esther. "Education of the deaf in Spain", in GPEDSC, p.343-355.

Sri Lanka

  • David, J.S. "Sri Lanka", in GE, vol.3, p.237-241.


  • Ahlgren, Inger. "Sign languages--Swedish", in GE, vol.3, p.109-111.
  • Andersson, Yerker. "The Stockholm Deaf Club: a case study", in DW, p.516-521.
  • Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta, and Domfors, Lars-Åke. "Pedagogical issues in Swedish deaf education", in MWBD, p.67-88.
  • Edenas, Christina. "Improving sign language skills of hearing teachers: a Swedish experiment", in DW, p.615-620.
  • Hedberg, Tomas. "Name signs in Swedish Sign Language: their formation and use", in DW, p.416-424.
  • Heiling, Kerstin. "Education of the deaf in Sweden", in GPEDSC, p.357-365.
  • Madebrink, Rut. "Sweden", in GE, vol.3, p.245-249.
  • "Sweden", in EDHD.
  • "Sweden", in EDHD2 p.198.
  • "Swedish Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.198.

Switzerlandsee also German-speaking countries

  • Boyes Braem, Penny. "An overview of current sign language projects in Switzerland", in DW, p.382-387.
  • Boyes Braem, Penny. "Sign languages--Swiss", in GE, vol.3, p.111-113.
  • Boyes Braem, Penny, et al. "Romance and reality: sociolinguistic similarities and differences between Swiss German Sign Language and Rhaeto-Romansh", in MWBD, p.89-113.
  • Gerard, Josselyne. "Switzerland", in GE, vol.3, p.113-116.
  • "Swiss Sign Language", in EDHD2 p.198-199.
  • "Switzerland", in EDHD.
  • "Switzerland", in EDHD2 p.199.

Taiwan (Republic of China)also see China (People's Republic)

  • Ann, Jean. "The Chiying School of Taiwan: a foreigner's perspective", in MWBD, p.230-248.
  • Chao, James Chien-min. "Taiwan natural sign language research work", in DW, p.347-349.
  • Smith, Wayne H. "China, Republic of", in GE, vol.1, p.184-186.
  • Smith, Wayne H. "Sign languages--Taiwanese", in GE, vol.3, p.113-116.


  • Reilly, Charles, and Suvannus, Sathaporn. "Education of deaf people in the Kingdom of Thai", in GPEDSC, p.367-398.
  • Suvannus, Sathaporn. "Thailand", in GE, vol.3, p.282-284.
  • Suwanarat, Kampol. "Deaf Thai culture in Siam: the land of smiles", in DW, p.61-64.
  • Woodward, James. "Sign languages and deaf identities in Thailand and Viet Nam", in MWBD, p.283-302.


  • Lujan, Myriam A. de. "The early intervention program for deaf children: a bilingual experience", in DW, p.568-573.


  • Woodward, James. "Sign languages and deaf identities in Thailand and Viet Nam", in MWBD, p.283-302.

Walessee Great Britain


  • Zic, Andrija. "Sign languages--Yugoslavian", in GE, vol.3, p.116-118.


  • Gwitimah, Albert Rickie. "Training teachers of the deaf in Zimbabwe", in GPEDSC, p.399-405.

* * * * * * * * * *

Prepared by Tom Harrington
Reference and Instruction Librarian
May, 2004


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