EuropeAfricaAmericasAsiaMiddle EastOceania
Sign Languages: A-HSign Languages: I-RSign Languages: S-Z
This is the "Americas" page of the "Sign Language" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Sign Language   Tags: deaf, faq  

A collection of commonly-asked questions about sign languages, particularly American Sign Language.
Last Updated: Sep 18, 2017 URL: http://libguides.gallaudet.edu/sign_language Print Guide RSS Updates

Americas Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

Americas

Argentina

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Argentine Sign Language
      • DIALECT:
        • Córdoba Sign Language

 Belize

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Belizean Sign Language (based upon American Sign Language, with local modifications)
    • Deaf and hard of hearing persons in rural villages are reported to use improvised home signs.
  • ARTIFICIAL SYSTEM:
    • Signed English (based on signs from American Sign Language)

Bolivia

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Bolivian Sign Language (based on American Sign Language, modified for Spanish spelling)

Brazil

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Brazilian Sign Language (Língua Brasileira de Sinais or Linguagem das Mãos)
      • DIALECTS:
        • Brazilian Cities Sign Language
        • São Paulo Sign Language
    • Urubú-Kaapor Sign Language = Urubú Sign Language
    • Isolated Brazilian Indian tribes are also reported to have their own sign languages.

Canada

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • American Sign Language
    • French Canadian Sign Language = Québéc Sign Language (Langue des Signes Québécois)
      Sex differences exist due to segregated-sex schools.
    • Inuit Sign Language = Eskimo Sign Language
    • Nova Scotian Sign Language = Maritime Sign Language
    • Maritime Sign Language = Nova Scotian Sign Language
  • ARTIFICIAL SYSTEMS:
    • Pidgin Sign English
    • Signed English
    • Pidgin Sign French
    • Signed French [Canadian]
  • ALTERNATIVE SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Sawmill Sign Language (British Columbia)

Chile

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Chilean Sign Language

Colombia

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Colombian Sign Language (Lenguaje manual Colombiáno)
    • Providencia Sign Language

Costa Rica

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Costa Rican Sign Language

Cuba

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Cuban Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Cubanas)

Dominican Republic

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Dominican Sign Language

Ecuador

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Ecuadorian Sign Language

El Salvador

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • El Salvadoran Sign Language

Guatemala

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Guatemalan Sign Language

Guyana

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Guyana Sign Language (derived from American Sign Language)

Honduras

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • American Sign Language
    • Honduran Sign Language = Lengua de Señas Hondureñas

Jamaica

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Jamaica Country Sign LanguageThis Sign Language differs considerably from region to region. No standardized national Sign Language.
    • American Sign Language

Mexico

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Mexican Sign Language (Lenguaje de Señas Mexicanas)
      • DIALECT:
        • Ixtapalapa DF Sign Language
    • Mayan Sign Language = Nohya Sign Language = Yucatec Maya Sign Language (Lenguaje Mímico Maya)

Nicaragua

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Nicaraguan Sign Language (Idioma de Signos Nicaragüense)
  • ARTIFICIAL SYSTEM:
    • Lenguaje de Signos Nicaragüense (Although this term translates as "Nicaraguan Sign Language", it is in fact a hearing educator-invented code system created for pedagogical purposes, and is separate from the true Deaf-created Nicaraguan Sign Language, or Idioma de Signos Nicaragüense.)

Panama

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Panamanian Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Panameñas)

Paraguay

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE
    • Paraguayan Sign Language (Manual Mimico Paraguayo)

Peru

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Peruvian Sign Language

Puerto Rico

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Puerto Rican Sign Language
    • American Sign Language
  • ARTIFICIAL SYSTEMS:
    • Signed Spanish
    • Signed English

United States of America (also see Puerto Rico)

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • American Sign Language
      • DIALECT:
        • Black American Sign Language = Black Southern Sign Language
    • Hawaii Pidgin Sign Language
    • Puerto Rican Sign Language
    • Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (defunct, descended from Old Kentish Sign Language)
  • ARTIFICIAL SYSTEMS:
    • Cued Speech
    • Linguistics of Visual English (LOVE)
    • Lyon Code of English Sounds
    • Morphemic Sign System
    • Pidgin Sign English = Conceptually Accurate Signed English (CASE)
    • Rochester Method
    • Seeing Essential English (SEE I)
    • Signed English [American]
    • Signing Exact English (SEE II)
  • ALTERNATIVE SIGN LANGUAGES:
    • Benedictine Sign Language
    • Cistercian Sign Language (St. Joseph dialect)
    • Gang Sign LanguageMost gang signs are just a few isolated gestures, identifying particular gangs or expressing an attitude or opinion, therefore do not qualify as languages. However, there are reports that in a certain few locations, entire bodies of signs have been developed that are complete enough and expressive enough to carry on a full two-way conversation on various different topics. Those may be regarded as alternative sign languages.
      • DIALECTS:
        • El Paso Gang Sign Language
    • Keresan Pueblo Indian Sign Language
    • Motorcycle Sign Language
    • Plains Indians Sign Language
    • Sawmill Sign Language (Oregon, Washington)
    • Trappist Sign Language
    • Underwater Sign Language = Scuba Sign Language (developed by scuba divers, based on American Sign Language)

Uruguay

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Uruguayan Sign Language
      • DIALECTS:
        • Montevideo Sign Language
        • Salto Sign Language

Venezuela

  • DEAF SIGN LANGUAGE:
    • Venezuelan Sign Language
Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip